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Understanding Frozen Shoulder

Alternate Names: Frozen shoulder is commonly referred to as adhesive capsulitis. This name reflects the condition’s underlying cause, which involves the thickening and tightening of the shoulder joint capsule.


Frozen shoulder is a condition that affects the shoulder joint, causing pain and stiffness. It is characterized by the gradual loss of shoulder mobility, making it difficult to perform daily activities. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the various aspects of frozen shoulder, including its alternate names, symptoms, causes, and multiple treatment options.


The primary symptom of frozen shoulder is pain, accompanied by stiffness and limited range of motion in the affected shoulder. The condition typically progresses through three stages: freezing, frozen, and thawing. During the freezing stage, pain gradually intensifies, and shoulder movement becomes increasingly restricted. In the frozen stage, the pain may subside, but the shoulder remains stiff and immobile. Finally, during the thawing stage, the shoulder gradually regains its range of motion.


The exact reason of frozen shoulder is not understood fully; however, certain factors may increase the risk of developing this condition. These include age (most commonly affecting individuals between 40 and 60 years old), gender (more prevalent in women), certain medical conditions (such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, and cardiovascular disease), and previous shoulder injuries or surgeries.

Treatment Options:

Treating frozen shoulder involves a combination of non-surgical and surgical approaches, depending on the severity of the condition. Non-surgical treatment options include physical therapy, stretching exercises, pain management techniques (such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), and corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation. In more severe cases, where conservative measures fail to provide relief, surgical interventions like shoulder manipulation or arthroscopic release may be considered.


Frozen shoulder can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life, causing pain and limiting shoulder mobility. However, with proper understanding and timely intervention, the symptoms can be managed effectively. This comprehensive guide has provided valuable insights into the alternate names, symptoms, causes, and multiple treatment options for frozen shoulder, empowering individuals to make informed decisions about their shoulder health.

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